12/13/2010

Estimologi Nama Unsur-Unsur Kimia

Estimologi Nama Unsur-Unsur Kimia

Hidrogen, H (Yunani: hydor = air; genes = pembentuk}
Helium, He (Yunani: helios = matahari)
Litium , Li (Yunani: lithos = batu)
Berilium, Be (Latin: beryl = manis)
Boron, B (Arab: buraq = jernih)
Karbon, C (Latin: carbo = batubara)
Nitrogen, N (Yunani: nitron = basa; genes = pembentuk)
Oksigen, O (Yunani: oxys = asam; genes = pembentuk)
Fluor, F (Latin: fluere = mengalir)
Neon, Ne (Yunani: neos = baru)


Natrium, Na (Latin: natri = basa)
Magnesium, Mg (Magnesia, daerah di Yunani)
Aluminium, Al (Latin: alum = pahit)
Silikon, Si (Latin: silex = batu api)
Fosfor, P (Yunani: phosphoros = pembawa cahaya)
Belerang, S (Latin: sulphur = belerang)
Klor, Cl (Yunani: chloros = hijau)
Argon, Ar (Yunani: argos = malas)
Kalium, K (Arab: qali = abu)
Kalsium, Ca (Latin: calx = kapur)

Skandium, Sc (Skandinavia)
Titanium, Ti (Yunani: titan = besar tubuh, raksasa)
Vanadium, V (Vanadis, dewi cinta Skandinavia)
Krom, Cr (Yunani: chroma = warna)
Mangan, Mn (Latin: magnes = bermagnet)
Besi, Fe (Latin: ferrum = besi)
Kobal, Co (Jerman: kobold = ruh jahat)
Nikel, Ni (Jerman: kupfernickel = tembaga palsu)
Tembaga, Cu (Yunani: Kypros = Siprus)
Seng, Zn (Jerman: zink = seng)

Galium, Ga (Latin: Gallia = Perancis)
Germanium, Ge (Latin: Germania = Jerman)
Arsen, As (Arab: az-zirnikh = kuning emas)
Selenium, Se (Yunani: selene = bulan)
Brom, Br (Yunani: bromos = pesing)
Kripton, Kr (Yunani: kryptos = tersembunyi)
Rubidium, Rb (Latin: rubidus = merah)
Strontium, Sr (Strontian, daerah di Skotlandia)
Itrium, Y (Ytterby, daerah di Swedia)
Zirkonium, Zr (Arab: zarqun = kemilau)

Niobium, Nb (Niobe, dewi Yunani)
Molibdenium, Mo (Yunani: molybdos = timbal)
Teknesium, Tc (Yunani: technetos = buatan)
Rutenium, Ru (Latin: Ruthenia = Rusia)
Rodium, Rh (Yunani: rhodos = merah jambu)
Paladium, Pd (Asteroid Pallas)
Perak, Ag (Latin: argentum = perak)
Kadmium, Cd (Kadmos, raja Thebe di Yunani)
Indium, In (Latin: indicum = nila)
Timah, Sn (Latin: stannum = timah)

Antimon, Sb (Yunani: stibi = cincin)
Telurium, Te (Latin: tellus = tanah)
Iodium, I (Yunani: iodes = ungu)
Xenon, Xe (Yunani: xenos = asing)
Sesium, Cs (Latin: caesius = biru)
Barium, Ba (Yunani: baros = berat)
Lantanum, La (Yunani: lanthanein = tercecer)
Serium, Ce (Asteroid Ceres)
Praseodimium, Pr (Yunani: praseos = hijau tua; dymos = kembar)
Neodimium, Nd (Yunani: neos = baru; dymos = kembar)

Prometium, Pm (Prometheos, tokoh mitos Yunani)
Samarium, Sm (Kolonel Samarski, ahli tambang Rusia)
Eropium, Eu (Benua Eropa)
Gadolinium, Gd (Johan Gadolin, 1760-1852, orang Finlandia)
Terbium, Tb (Ytterby, daerah di Swedia)
Disprosium, Dy (Yunani: dysprositos = sukar didapat)
Holmium, Ho (Latin: Holmia = Stockholm)
Erbium, Er (Ytterby, daerah di Swedia)
Tulium, Tm (Yunani: Thule = Swedia)
Iterbium, Yb (Ytterby, daerah di Swedia)

Lutetium, Lu (Latin: Lutetia = Paris)
Hafnium, Hf (Latin: Hafnia = Kopenhagen)
Tantalum, Ta (Tantalus, dewa Yunani)
Wolfram, W (Jerman: wolfram = batu berat)
Renium, Re (Latin: Rhenus = Sungai Rhine)
Osmium, Os (Yunani: osme = bau)
Iridium, Ir (Latin: iris = pelangi)
Platina, Pt (Spanyol: platina = perak kecil)
Emas, Au (Latin: aurora = fajar)
Raksa, Hg (Yunani: hydrargyre = air perak)

Talium, Tl (Yunani: thallos = hijau muda)
Timbal, Pb (Latin: plumbum = timbal)
Bismut, Bi (Arab: bismuth = cerah)
Polonium, Po (Latin: Polonia = Polandia)
Astatin, At (Yunani: astatos = tidak tetap)
Radon, Rn (Latin: radius = sinar)
Fransium, Fr (Perancis)
Radium, Ra (Latin: radius = sinar)
Aktinium, Ac (Yunani: aktis = sinar)
Torium, Th (Thor, dewa Skandinavia)

Protaktinium, Pa (Yunani: pertama menjadi aktinium)
Uranium, U (Planet Uranus)
Neptunium, Np (Planet Neptunus)
Plutonium, Pu (Planet Pluto)
Amerisium, Am (Benua Amerika)
Kurium, Cm (Marie Sklodowska Curie, 1867-1934)
Berkelium, Bk (Berkeley di Amerika Serikat)
Kalifornium, Cf (California di Amerika Serikat)
Einsteinium, Es (Albert Einstein, 1879-1955)
Fermium, Fm (Enrico Fermi, 1901-1954)

Mendelevium, Md (Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleyef, 1834-1907)
Nobelium, No (Alfred Bernhard Nobel, 1833-1896)
Lawrensium, Lr (Ernest Orlando Lawrence, 1901-1958)
Ruterfordium, Rf (Ernest Rutherford, 1871-1937)
Dubnium, Db (Dubna di Rusia)
Seaborgium, Sg (Glenn Theodore Seaborg, 1912-1999)
Bohrium, Bh (Niels Henry David Bohr, 1885-1962)
Hassium, Hs (Hasse di Jerman)
Meitnerium, Mt (Lise Meitner, 1878-1968)
Darmstadtium, Ds (Darmstadt di Jerman)

Rontgenium, Rg (Wilhelm Konrad Rontgen, 1845-1923)

Catatan:
IUPAC menetapkan bahwa sejak unsur nomor atom 96, nama unsur mengabadikan nama ilmuwan atau nama tempat penelitian unsur.
Unsur-unsur ununbium (112, Uub), ununtrium (113, Uut), ununquadium (114, Uuq), ununpentium (115, Uup), dan ununhexium (116, Uuh) sudah berhasil disintesis, tapi belum diberi nama resmi oleh IUPAC.


Semoga bermanfaat :)

sumber copas : http://chemistry161.blogspot.com/2008/04/etimologi-nama-unsur-unsur-kimia.html

26 comments:

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Thanks for the knowledge buddy:-)

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